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Wildllife Sanctuaries in India

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Place : Bharatpur, Rajasthan, in the northwestern part of India.

Major Attractions : Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Boar, Migratory Birds

Area Covered : 29 sq-km.

Best Time to Visit Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary: Ideal Time to Visit the Park : Between the months of August-November for resident breeding birds and October- February for migrant birds.

Nearest Attractions : Bharatpur Govenment Museum, Bharatpur Palace, Lohagarh Fort, Deeg Palace (32 km).

Some Major Accesses : Bharatpur is well connected by road from Agra (56 km), Delhi (176 km) and Jaipur (176 km), all of which have airport facilities too.

Where is the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary: One of the finest bird sanrtuaries in the world, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is a reserve that offers protection to faunal species as well. The Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, also know as the Keoladeo Ghana National Park is a distance of 2 km form the Bhartapur town in Rajasthan India.

The recent name Keoladeo, given to the Bharatpur Sanctuary is the name derived from an ancient Hindu temple, devoted to Lord Shiva, which stands at the centre of the park. The Bharatput Wildlife sanctuary is also know as the Ghana Wildlife Santuary. ‘Ghana’ means dense, referring to the thick forest, which used to cover the area.

Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary

Place : Near Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan in the northwestern part of India.

Major Attractions : Tigers, Leopards, Boars.

Area Covered : 392 sq-km.

Ideal Time to Visit the Park : During the months of October – March and April to June.

Nearest Attractions : Ranthambore Fort (the 10th century fort) & Jogi Mahal in the park complex. Bakaula, Kachida Valley, Lakarda and Anantpura are also some place you can visit.
Some Major Accesses : Sawai Madhopur (11 km), Alwar, Jaipur (145 km).
Where is the Ranthambore National Park
The Ranthambhore National Park in Rajasthan is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan, where the Aravali Hill ranges and the Vindhyan plateau meet. The park falls under the district of Sawai Madhopur, which is also the nearest town located 11 km from the park.

The Ranthambore National Park was once the hunting ground of the Maharajas of Jaipur. The rivers Chambal in the South and Banas in the North bound the Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan India. Six man made lakes are the central focus of the Ranthambore park and many longlasting streams meanders through the entire park. The Ranthambore National Park has internal drainage and has no connection with any river system, even though two rivers bound the Park in it’s north and south side.

Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary

Place : 37 km from Alwar, Rajasthan, in the northwestern part of India.
Major Attractions : Tigers, Leopards, Wild Dogs.
Area Covered : 765.80 sq-km.
Ideal Time to Visit the Park : Throughout the year, but the best period is during the months of October to June.
Nearest Attractions : The Kankwari Fort (17th century fort), The Neelkanth temples (of the 6th-13th century AD), The Palace, The ruins of medieval temples of Garh-Rajor, (of 10th and 11th centuries AD).
Some Major Accesses : Alwar (37 km), Jaipur (110 km).

Where is the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary
The Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan is situated only 200 km from Delhi and 107 km from Jaipur. Although larger than Ranthambore, it is less commercialised and has less tigers but a similar topography. The wide range of wildlife here is a wonderful example of ecological adoption and tolerance, for the climate here is variable as well as erratic.

Sundarbans Wildlife Sanctuary

Place : Piyali (72 km from Kolkata by road), West Bengal, in the eastern part of India.
Major Attractions : Royal Bengal Tiger, Ridley Sea Turtle.
Area Covered : 1330.10 sq-km.
Ideal Time to Visit the Park : During the months of September and May. Winter is the time to see the Royal Bengal Tiger sun-bathing on the river banks.
Nearest Attractions : The Sajnakhali Sanctuary (famous for its rich avian population), Netidhopani (ruins of a 400 year old temple), Bhagabatpur, Kanak, Haliday Island, Piyali, Kaikhali Island.
Some Major Accesses : Gosaba (50-kms), Kolkata.

Where is the Sundarbans National Park
The Sundarbans National Park lies in the south-east of Kolkata in the 24-Paraganas District of West Bengal and forms part of the Gangetic Delta, which borders on the Bay of Bengal. The vast swampy delta of the two great Indian rivers, Brahamaputra and the Ganges stretches over areas consisting of mangrove forests, swamps and forest island all knotted in a network of small rivers and streams. The Sundarbans National Park in West Bengal is home of the Royal Bengal Tiger and is also the largest mangrove forest in the world, forming the core of this region. The Sundarban region has derived its name from the Sundari trees, once found in large number here.

The Ganges and the Brahmaputra form this alluvial archipelago of 54 islands watered by the Bay of Bengal. The islands Goasaba, Sandeshkali and Basanti form the northern boundary of the Sundarbans; on the south is the sea; to the west side of the Sunderbans park is the Matla and Bidya Rivers and to the east is the international boundary of Bangladesh.

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Place : Kumily, Kerala, in the southern part of India.
Major Attractions : Elephants, Tiger, Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Langur.
Area Covered : 777 sq-km.
Ideal Time to Visit the Park : From the months of October and June.
Nearest Attractions : Alleppey, Cradomom Hills, Kumily, Boat Cruises.
Some Major Accesses : Kumily (4 km), Madurai (140 km), Cochin or Kochi (200 km), Kottayam (114 km), Ernakulam.

Where is the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
The Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve is situated high in the ranges of the Western Ghats, in south Indian state of Kerala – known as the God’s Own Country. Periyar wildlife sanctuary in Kerala has a scenic lake at the heart of the sanctuary. Formed with the building of a dam in 1895, this reservoir runs around the contours of the wooded hills, providing water to the local wildlife through out the year. Though Periyar Kerala is a Tiger Reserve, tourists visit this place to view the Indian elephants in the act of sprinkling water and playfulness by the Periyar lake.


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